The role and interaction of microgrids and centralized grids in developing modern power systems

An extension of microgrids is now underway, primarily to allow increased electrification in growing economies but also to meet the need to reduce global CO2 emissions and to provide ancillary services to centralized grids.

Energy Access constitutes one of the fundamental building blocks for economic growth as well as social equity in the modern world. Access to sustainable energy is needed to achieve sustainable development.

Through examination of several implemented cases from different parts of the world the following topics are considered: i) Analysis of the interaction between centralized grids and microgrids ii) Analysis of stakeholder decision parameters for electrification iii) Analysis of design differences and requirements for microgrids, depending on the intended purpose and the need of the end customer. It is determined that good planning, suitable requirements and clear regulations for microgrids (in relation to centralized grids) limits the risk of stranded assets and enables better business cases for the involved stakeholders.


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